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Eligibility for Admission in M.Sc. Microbiology

The candidates with Bachelor’s Degree in Microbiology from Tribhuvan University or equivalent degree recognized by Tribhuvan University can apply for admission. Each applicant should appear and pass entrance examination conducted by the Central Department of Microbiology. The enrollment is based on merit. The candidates failed to get minimum qualifying marks/pass marks is denied admission. Department’s current enrolment capacity is 30 students in a semester.
There is a provision for enrollment of foreign students as well. M.Sc. Dissertation research/thesis is compulsory for all enrolled students. Language of teaching, research and evaluation is English.

 Course Structure

The entire course is divided into four semesters within two academic years. The first semester course covers the disciplines of General Microbiology, Immunology, Microbial Genetics, Microbial Biochemistry and practical on these courses. The second semester offers track selection among four different disciplines of Microbiology for specialization. The four disciplines from second semester include Medical Microbiology, Public Health Microbiology, Food Microbiology and Agricultural Microbiology with their practical courses. The fourth semester is completely research oriented that includes special topics in Microbiology, Epidemiology, Research Methods and Biostatistics, and Dissertation. In the second semester students are required to choose one of the four different disciplines offered and continue with it through the Third and Fourth semesters. Students are not allowed to change the discipline once they have chosen it. The selection of discipline of Microbiology may depend upon the facilities available at the department. To gain exposure, students are encouraged to go for excursion after the second semester.

 Eligibility and Admission Procedures

 Candidates having a Bachelor’s Degree in Microbiology from TribhuvanUniversity or equivalent degree recognized by TribhuvanUniversity are eligible to apply for the M. Sc. Microbiology programme. Each applicant should appear and pass entrance examination conducted by the Central Department of Microbiology. The enrollment will be based on merit. The candidates failed to get minimum qualifying marks/pass marks in the entrance examination will not be enrolled in the program.

 Hours of Instruction

 Working days: 90 days in a semester

  1. Class hours:
  • Theory: One credit is equivalent to 15 teaching hours in a semester. One theory paper of 1 credit will have 1 hour of lecture per week
  • Practical: One credit is equal to 60 practical hours in a semester. One practical paper of 1.5 or 1 credit will have 4 hours of practical per week

Total Credits: 70 credits within four semesters.


 Student should be regular in their classes. Students failing to maintain 80 percent presence are not allowed to appear in the semester-end examinations and regarded as “not qualified”. However, in case of serious illness the students with 70 percent attendance will be given chance to appear in the semester-end exam. In this case students have to submit an authorized medical certificate.

 Normal and Maximum Duration of Study

 The normal duration and the maximum duration for the completion of the requirements for the program is as follows:

             Normal duration          24 months (4 academic semesters)

            Maximum duration     60 months (10 academic semesters)

 Students failing to complete the requirements in 60 months have to re-enroll.

 Teaching Methodology

 The general teaching methodology of the program includes interactive lectures, students’ presentations, case studies and projects.

 Language of Instruction: English

 Students must pass the internal assessment in order to appear for the final examination. There will be two internal assessments which will count as 40% internal evaluation. The pass marks for theory is 50% and practical subjects are 50%. Institute of Science and Technology, TribhuvanUniversity will conduct semester examination. The final semester examination of 1 credit theory subject will have 1 hour of duration (3C≈3 hrs) and internal assessment will have one hour of duration for all subjects.

 Evaluation/ Examination

 The evaluation is based on the internal evaluation and final semester examination. The internal evaluation which is 40% of total evaluation is done by the department based on different criteria of evaluation listed below;

Internal evaluation (40%):

 Attendance: 5 marks

  1. Seminar/class test/home assignment: 5 marks
  2. Project work/ case study: 5 marks
  3. Midterm  exam: 10 marks
  4. Final term evaluation: 15 marks

 The remaining 60% of the evaluation is done from semester examination taken at the end of the semester. The semester examination will be conducted by the office of the Dean of Science and Technology. Students are required to obtain 50 percent to pass internal exam (evaluation) as well as semester end examination.

 Make-up/retake examination

 Students failing in not more than two subjects in first, second and third semester shall appear in make-up exams in following cycle of exams. Students failing in two subjects in the fourth semester shall be given opportunity to appear in make-up exam within one month after the final result.


 Total marks obtained in internal and semester-end exams shall be graded on absolute bases.

 The performance of a student shall be made on four point scale ranging from 0 to 4 grades. A student must secure a minimum Grade Point Average (GPA) of 2.7 or Grade B minus (B-) in each course.

 Absolute grading scale




Percentage Equivalent

Performance Remarks



90 and above





Very good




First Division




Second Division




Pass in individual subject



Below 50


 The students shall receive their semester grades and academic transcript grades only in letter grades and GPA scores. Students securing only 2.7 in grade point are considered as “pass in individual subject”.

 In order to pass the semester examination the student must secure a minimum of Grade ‘B’ or Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of 3.0. A student who secures CGPA less than 3 may request for the opportunity to  improve the grade in two subjects. The office of the dean will provide one time opportunity to appear in semester exam. The exam of the courses to improve grade shall be held as per course cycle.


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